File Class in Java

File class only gives you access to the file and directory meta data.
If you need to read or write the content of files, you should do so using either FileInputStream/FileReader, FileOutputStream/FileWriter or RandomAccessFile.

Using File class you can do a lot of stuff such as mentioned below:

  • Check if a file or directory exists.
  • Create a file or directory if it does not exist.
  • Read the length of a file.
  • Rename or move a file.
  • Delete a file.
  • Check if path is file or directory.
  • Read list of files in a directory.


File Class in Java



public class FileExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {     
        File f = new File("/Test/TestFolder/");        //Print File attributes 
        System.out.println("File name :" + f.getName());     
        System.out.println("Path: " + f.getPath());     
        System.out.println("Absolute path:" + f.getAbsolutePath());     
        System.out.println("Parent:" + f.getParent());     
        System.out.println("Exists :" + f.exists());     
        if (f.exists())      {       
            System.out.println("Is writeable:" + f.canWrite());       
            System.out.println("Is readable" + f.canRead());       
            System.out.println("Is a directory:" + f.isDirectory());       
            System.out.println("File Size in bytes " + f.length());       
            System.out.println("Is executable:" + f.canExecute());    
        if (f.isDirectory()) {    
            String arr[] = f.list();             //find no. of entries in the directory 
            int n = arr.length;          //displaying the entries 
            for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {                
                System.out.print(arr[i]);          //create File object with the entry and test 
                         //if it is a file or directory 
                File f1 = new File(f.getAbsolutePath() + "/" + arr[i]);         
                if (f1.isFile()) {          
                    System.out.print(": is a file");         
                if (f1.isDirectory()) {          
                    System.out.print(": is a directory");         
            System.out.println("No of entries in this directory " + n);     
        }     //Create a new File if not exists.
        File createNewFile = new File("/Test/TestFolder/test-file100.txt");    
        try {
            if (createNewFile.createNewFile()) {  
                System.out.println("File is created!"); 
            } else {  
                System.out.println("File already exists."); 
        } catch (IOException e) {

File name :TestFolder
Path: /Test/TestFolder
Absolute path:/Test/TestFolder
Exists :true
Is writeable:true
Is readabletrue
Is a directory:true
File Size in bytes 448
Is executable:true
test-file.txt: is a file
test-file4.txt: is a file
test-file5.txt: is a file
test-file7.txt: is a file
test-file6.txt: is a file
test-file2.txt: is a file
test-file3.txt: is a file
test-file1.txt: is a file
test-file15.bin: is a file
test-file15.txt: is a file
test-file10.txt: is a file
No of entries in this directory 11
File is created!

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